whether you already live with a cast or are thinking of adopting one into your family it’s important to know the basic care needs of these animals as well as being aware of any possible health problems they may develop, like any living being cats can suffer from a number of various pathologies some more serious than others, this is why in this article we’re going to bring you the 9 most common diseases and other health problems in cats.
- feline leukemia:
This is a viral disease caused by an unco new virus the word for a virus which can cause cancer, it is transmitted to recontact with bodily fluids such as saliva, blood urine, or even lactation during pregnancy. the virus affects our cats’ white blood cells which are part of their immune system. this lowers our cats’ natural defenses and makes it more at risk of infection and other complications, it is one of the most serious feline diseases due to the ease of transmission and the potentially fatal damage it causes to the body. the symptoms of leukemia are varied and depend on the general health status of the animal. the most common include fever loss of appetite, weight loss, skin lesions, gastrointestinal disorders, and swelling of the lymph nodes.
- feline panleukopenia:
this is a disease caused by feline parvovirus, in some ways related to canine parvovirus. it is also referred to as feline distemper, enteritis, or infectious gastroenteritis. the contagion happens from contact with the bodily fluids of associate degree infected cat, it’s commonest symptoms square measure fever and later on physiological state, disgorgement symptom, depression, weakness, and dehydration, additionally when doing a blood test, we’ll discover a big call in white blood cells.
- feline rhinotracheitis:
this disease is deadly and we need to act quickly to separate this cat from any healthy cats with which they may come in contact. the virus which causes this particular disease is a strain of the herpes virus. the virus lodges in the Airways causing infections to the respiratory system, between 45 and 50 percent of respiratory diseases and cats are caused by this virus. symptoms include fever, sneezing, nasal mucus, conjunctivitis, lacrimation and even ulcers in the cornea. it is spread by contact with fluids such as nasal secretion and saliva.
- Feline calicivirus:
there’s no specific treatment for the disease itself only the treatment of its symptoms. the cats which he’ll become carriers as although they may no longer suffer the symptoms of the disease, they continue to harbor the virus and can infect others with it. this is a very contagious respiratory disease particularly common among stray cats who live in large groups. symptoms include sneezing, fever, excess elevation, and in some cases ulcers and blisters in the mouth and on the tongue. an infected animal which manages to overcome the disease will remain a carrier for life and can still infect others.
- feline pneumonitis:
both feline herpes virus and feline kalsa virus can cause feline influenza. the most common symptoms of this respiratory disease include fever, sneezing, nasal and ocular discharge, loss of appetite, cough, depression, mic breathing, excess salivation, and in some cases ulcers in the mouth. this respiratory disease is produced by bacteria which generates a series of infections known as chlamydia—ss, it is spread by direct contact with fluids and bodily secretions.
- feline immunodeficiency:
it is not a fatal disease in itself however there are potentially fatal complications, so a vet’s visit is the necessity to ensure correct and treat. the symptoms of feline pneumonitis are excessive tearing, conjunctivitis, reddened and painful eyelids, and abundant ocular discharge which may be yellowish or greenish. additionally, there may be sneezing, coughing, fever, nasal mucus, and a loss of appetite.
- Infectious peritonitis:
this disease is commonly known as feline AIDS, its transmission usually occurs during fights, and during the reproductive act as bodily fluids are exchanged from an infected to a healthy cat. the symptoms which make us suspect this disease are an absolute depression of the immune system an increased susceptibility to secondary diseases, it is these secondary diseases which ultimately lead to the death of an affected cat. work is being done to find a reliable vaccine but it’s hindered by developing resistance to this disease due to exposure to other infected cats. the virus which causes the disease is a coronavirus, which more commonly affects younger or older cats, it’s contagion occurs most often through contact with the stool of infected cats, a healthy cat can become infected by smelling this fecal matter and the virus gets introduced through the respiratory tract. the most notable symptoms are fever, anorexia, increase in size of the abdomen, and accumulation of fluid within it. this is because the virus attacks white blood cells causing inflammation of the membranes in the thoracic and abdominal cavities, if it occurs in the pleura it produces pleuritis and if it affects the peritoneum it produces comparative itis. there is a vaccination against this disease, but once contracted there is no cure and is usually fatal.
can we prevent these diseases? most of the conditions and health problems mentioned here are prevented by means of adequate preventive medicine based on appropriate vaccinations and deworming schedules, this is why it is so important to follow these schedules in conjunction with veterinary checkups, also as soon as the onset of symptoms is witnessed take your cat to the appropriate specialist.
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